“不能”是cannot还是can not?千万别用错

“不能”是cannot还是can not?千万别用错
2019年03月13日 06:36 新浪教育

  The Quick Answer

  Cannot (one word) is the most common expansion of the contraction can‘t。

  cannot(一个单词)是缩写can‘t的展开形式。

  Can‘t can also be expanded to can not (i.e。, two words), but this is less common and usually reserved for emphasis。

  Can‘t?#37096;?#20197;展开为can not(两个单词),但是这种写法比较少见,有时只是为了?#24247;鰲?/p>

  For example:

  I cannot do it!

  (Can‘t is usually expanded to cannot。)

  Can‘t通常展开为cannot

  I can not do it!

  (This is considered more emphatic。)

  这样更具有?#24247;?#24615;

  Of course, the words can and not sometimes appear alongside each other when the not forms part of another construction (such as not only)。

  ?#27604;唬琧an和not有时也只是因为各自的搭配而碰巧挨到一起。

  For example:

  Kevin can not only rap but dance too。

  凯文不仅能饶舌也能跳舞。

  (Here, can not must be written as two words。 It is not an expansion of can‘t。)

  在这里,can not必须写成两个词,并不是can‘t的展开形式。

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  Cannot or Can Not?

  ◆◆

  Cannot and can not are interchangeable as expansions of the contraction can‘t。

  cannot和can not在作为can‘t的展开形式时,是可以互相取代的。

  However, the modern preference is to use cannot。 Of note, many spellcheckers even highlight can not as an error。

  然而在现代,人们更倾向于使用cannot。值得注意的是,许多拼写检查软件甚至高亮显示can not作为错误的拼写。

  ◆◆

  Cannot和Can Not的例子

  ◆◆

  Here are some famous quotes featuring cannot and can not。

  这里有一些包含cannot和can not的名言供你参考

  You cannot escape the responsibility of tomorrow by evading it today。?

  今天你回避了责任,明天它依旧存在。

  -Abraham Lincoln 亚伯拉罕·林肯(第十六任美国总?#24120;?/p>

  There cannot be a crisis next week。 My schedule is already full。?

  ?#36718;?#19981;可能?#24418;?#26426;,我的日程早就排满了。

  -Henry A。 Kissinger 亨利·基辛格

  Conflict can not survive without your participation。?

  没有你们的参与,冲突就无法产生。

  -Wayne Dyer 韦恩·戴尔

  (We have marked this wrong because can not is not the modern convention。我?#21069;?#36825;个标记为错误用法,是因为can not不是现代习惯用法。)

  A flower cannot blossom without sunshine, and man cannot live without love。?

  花儿没有阳光不能绽放,人没有爱不能生存。

  -Max Muller 麦克斯·穆勒

  Three things cannot be long hidden: the sun, the moon, and the truth。?

  有三个东西是无法被长久隐藏的:太阳,月亮,以及真理。

  ◆◆

  Can Not 用于?#24247;?/p>

  ◆◆

  You should use can not over cannot when the not is emphasized。

  只有当not被用于?#24247;?#26102;,你才需要考虑用can not而不是cannot

  For example:

  I can not tolerate laziness?

  我不能容忍懒惰

  The two-word version makes it clearer that the word not should be emphasized。 This is most useful in an exclamatory sentence, i.e。, one that ends in an exclamation mark。

  用两个单词的写法?#35789;筺ot的?#24247;?#24847;思更加清晰明了。通常用在感叹句中,也就是结尾有感叹号的句子。

  ◆◆

  必须用Can Not的时候

  ◆◆

  It is possible to see can and not as two separate words, especially with the correlative conjunction not only。。。but also。

  将can和not作为两个单独的单词?#35789;?#29992;时是可以出现can not的形式的,尤其是注意关联词not only。。。but also里这个not。

  Danielle can not only cook but also bake。?

  丹妮尔不仅会做饭,而?#19968;?#28900;面包。

  My dog can not only roll over but also play dead。?

  我的狗不仅会翻身,还会装死。

  In these examples, cannot is not an option。

  在这样的句子中,cannot是不能用的。

  来源:每日学英语微信公众账号

  责任编辑:陈熙

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